Common Impacts Of An Emergency
can be significant numbers of casualties and the safety of buildings and houses
may be compromised, rubble may block areas making it dangerous or difficult to
get out or walk around.
services in hospitals and mental health resources in an affected community may
become strained, maybe even overwhelmed. Know they are doing their very best under
extraordinary circumstances. Health care facilities have emergency plans and might
access additional resources, such as mobile hospitals or enlist the support of
medical staff/facilities from neighboring communities, provinces or the Government
enforcement from local, provincial and federal levels might be involved following
a terrorist attack due to the event's criminal nature.
media coverage, high public anxiety and social impacts could all continue for
a prolonged period.
and schools may be closed, and there might be restrictions on local, domestic
and international travel.
and your family or household may have to evacuate an area following routes specifically
designated to ensure your safety.
up and recovery operations could take many months.
after the emergency
may be confused or disoriented. Stay calm and remember the following procedures.
anyone who is injured. Get your emergency survival kit (the first aid kit should
be with it).
to the radio. Listen to your local radio station on your battery-operated radio
use the telephone. Don't use the telephone unless it is absolutely necessary.
Emergency crews will need all available lines.
won't "act like yourself" for a while. Most people caught in a disaster
usually feel confused. They may tremble, feel numb, vomit or faint. Immediately
after the disaster, they often feel bewildered, shocked, and relieved to be alive.
These feelings and reactions are perfectly normal.
Later, many survivors
sleep poorly, have no appetite, are angry with those around them or panic at the
slightest hint of a storm. Children might start thumb-sucking or bedwetting. These
feelings and reactions are perfectly normal too.
to get yourself and your family back on track Talk
about your feelings. Talk about what's happened. Encourage your children to express
their feelings. They may want to do this by drawing or playing instead of talking.
Understand that their feelings are real. Recognize that when you suffer a loss,
you may grieve. (Yes, you can grieve the loss of a wedding photo or your grandfather's
favorite ring.) You may feel apathetic or angry. You may not sleep or eat well.
These are normal grief reactions. Do give yourself and your family permission
to grieve and time to heal.
to help your children
exposed to a disaster can experience a variety of intense emotional reactions
such as anxiety, fear, nervousness, stomach aches, loss of appetite and other
reactions. These are normal and temporary reactions to danger. Parents can help
relieve such reactions by taking their children's fears seriously, reassuring
them, giving them additional attention and hugging them. After
a disaster, children are most afraid that:
event will happen again
will get hurt or injured
will be separated from the family or
will be left alone.
comfort and reassure them. Tell them what you know about the situation. Be honest
but gentle. Encourage them to talk about the disaster. Encourage them to ask questions
about the disaster. Give them a real task to do, something that gets the family
back on its feet.
them with you, even if it seems easier to look for housing or help on your own.
At a time like this, it's important for the whole family to stay together.
Raw, unedited footage of terrorist incidents and other tragedies and people's
reaction to those events can be very upsetting, especially to children. Talk to
your children about what is happening, and how you and governments are keeping
them safe. We do not recommend permitting children to watch television news reports
that show images of the same incident over and over again. Young children do not
realize that it is repeated video footage and will think the event is happening
again and again. Adults might also need to give themselves a break from watching
since listening to local radio and television reports will provide you with the
most accurate information on what's happening and what actions you will need to
take, try to make arrangements to take turns listening to the news with other
adult members of your household
to take when Returning Home
for damage to your home. Remember the following points:
a flashlight - don't light matches or turn on the electrical switches if you suspect
damage or smell gas.
for fires, fire hazards or other household hazards.
for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell gas, turn off the main
gas valve, open windows and get everyone outside quickly.
off any other damaged utilities.
up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline and other flammable liquids immediately.
Wear protective clothing. For major spills or leaks, call in professional help.
or secure your pets.
on your neighbors, especially the elderly or people with disabilities.
YOU TURN OFF THE GAS, IT SHOULD ONLY BE TURNED BACK ON BY A PROFESSIONAL FROM
THE GAS COMPANY.
To The Radio. Listen to your local radio station on your battery-operated radio
drinking water: Use bottled water or bring water to a rolling boil for ten minutes
or add one drop of non-perfumed chlorine bleach per litre of water (or three drops
per litre of cloudy water) and allow it to stand for 30 minutes before consuming.
(Water should still have a slight chlorine smell.)
dishes and utensils: Wash and sterilize dishes and utensils. Use boiling water
or use a sterilizing solution of one part chlorine bleach to four parts water;
then rinse dishes and utensils thoroughly.
full of water: Drain the water in stages, about a third of the volume of water
per day. (Draining the water too quickly can structurally damage your home.)
food supplies in refrigerator, freezers and cupboards for signs of spoilage. When
frozen food begins to defrost it should be cooked; otherwise dispose of it in
accordance with the instructions from local health authorities.
or dangling electrical wires
away. Advise the authorities if you can.
sewer and water mains
the authorities if you can.
flood water in the basement
every three days if the flood is severe and the house is occupied for an extended
period. For the average home, mix two litres of liquid bleach into the flood water.
is a health hazard. If mold is present wear a face mask and disposable gloves.
Anything that stays wet long enough will grow mold. Dry everything quickly to
avoid future health problems.
out of damaged buildings, even if they look okay.
gets cut off Use emergency water from water heater, toilet tank, melted ice cubes.
can go off. If you live in an apartment, don't use the elevator. You'll get stuck