On this page: Scroll below for info on: Tornados
DURING AN EMERGENCY
Situations (when no other safety command has been given):
- Use only
911 to call for aid from the fire dept, police,
first responders, or ambulance.
to your radio or television for news and instructions.
the disaster occurs near you, check for injuries - yourself and others (tend to
your own well-being first). Give first aid and get
help for anyone seriously injured.
the emergency occurs near your home while you are there, check for damage using
a flashlight. Do not light matches or candles or turn on electrical switches.
Check for fires, fire hazards and other household hazards.
for gas leaks, starting at the water heater or furnace. If you smell gas or suspect
a leak, turn off the main gas valve, open windows and get everyone outside quickly.
off any other damaged utilities. Notify the utility company of the problem.
or secure your pets.
your family contact. Don't use the telephone unless it is absolutely necessary.
Emergency crews will need all available lines
on your neighbors, especially those who are elderly or disabled.
DOs when assisting an injured person:
the scene to make sure the scene is safe for you and others.
the victim for responsiveness. If the person does not respond, call for professional
emergency medical assistance (Call 9-1-1).
and care for life-threatening problems; check the person's airway, breathing and
circulation, attend to severe bleeding and shock.
appropriate, check and care for additional problems such as burns and injuries
to muscles, bones and joints.
monitoring the person's condition for life-threatening problems while waiting
for medical assistance to arrive.
the person rest in the most comfortable position and provide reassurance.
- Move an injured
person without rendering first aid unless the casualty is in immediate danger.
or strike matches in case there is a gas leak.
over debris or disturb parts of the damaged structure unless you are compelled
to do so by circumstances.
timber out of the wreckage indiscriminately as you may cause further collapse.
loose electrical wiring.
to Safely Taking Shelter - Shelter-In-Place
you are advised by the phone fan out or local officials to "shelter-in-place",
you must remain inside your home or office and protect yourself there. The following
steps will help maximize your protection:
your Family Plan.
and lock all windows and exterior doors.
off all fans, heating and air conditioning systems.
the fireplace damper.
your emergency supplies kit and make sure the radio is working.
to an interior room that's above ground level (if possible one without windows).
In the case of a chemical threat, an above-ground location is preferable because
some chemicals are heavier than air, and may seep into basements even if the windows
duct or other wide tape, seal all cracks around the door and any vents into the
to monitor your radio or television until you are told all is safe or advised
to evacuate. Local officials may later call for the evacuation of specific areas
in your community that are at greatest risk. Responders will advise when it is
safe to leave the premises.
you are taking shelter with another family (your prearranged buddy family), be
sure to leave an obvious note on the door of your own home as to where you are.
Your block captain should be notified that you are with your buddy family.
to Safely Evacuating:
If the emergency is serious enough, you may be asked to leave your home and go to
a nearby evacuation center (like a school gym, a community hall, or neighboring
community). If local authorities ask you to leave your home, they have a good
reason to make this request, and you should heed their advice immediately. Listen
to your radio or television and follow the instructions of local emergency officials,
keeping these simple tips in mind.
your Family Plan.
immediately, if instructed to do so.
- Immediately proceed to the assigned Reception Centre and register you and your family. This will insure that you and your family members are accounted for.
long-sleeved shirts, long pants and sturdy shoes so you can be protected as much
as possible. Wear clothes and shoes appropriate to conditions.
your emergency survival supplies kit.
a cellular telephone if you have one, but do not tie up transmission lines needlessly.
travel routes specified by local authorities. Don't use shortcuts because certain
areas may be impassable or dangerous. Stay away from downed power lines.
you are to go to an evacuation center, sign up with the registration desk so you
can be contacted or reunited with your family and loved ones.
not go elsewhere and fail to show up at the registration center, as valuable time
and effort may be spent trying to locate you to see that you are accounted for.
you call or e-mail your family contact (identified in your personal emergency
plan) alert them to any separated family members.
a note telling others that you have left for the reception area. This will be
useful to response teams checking to see that all families have vacated the emergency
to local or provincial/territorial authorities for the most accurate information
about an event in your area.
to take your pets with you; do not leave them behind. Because pets are not permitted
in public shelters, follow your plan to go to a relative or friend's home, or
find a "pet-friendly" hotel.
instructed to do so, shut off water and electricity before leaving. Leave natural
gas service 'on' unless local officials advise you otherwise because you might
need to contact your utility company to restore gas service/reconnect appliances
in your home once it's been turned off and in a disaster situation, it could take
weeks for a professional to respond.
you have to evacuate your home for a prolonged period during a winter power
failure, (if you have time) drain the water from the plumbing system. Starting
at the top of the house, open all taps, flush toilets several times and open the
drain valve in the basement. Drain your hot water tank by attaching a hose to
the tank drain valve and running it to the basement floor drain. (If you drain
a gas-fired water tank, the pilot light should be turned off -- the local gas
supplier should be called to re-light it!). Unhook washing-machine hoses and drain.
storms -- freezing rain, heavy snow, blowing snow and blizzards
come in on a wave of cold arctic air, bringing snow, bitter cold, high winds and
poor visibility in blowing snow. While these conditions must last for at least
six hours to be designated a blizzard, they may last for several days. Although
snowfall may not be heavy, the poor visibility, low temperatures and high winds
constitute a significant hazard.
rain occurs when an upper air layer has an above-freezing temperature while the
temperature at the surface is below freezing. The snow that falls melts in the
warmer layer; as a result, it is rain -- not snow -- that lands on the surface.
But since the temperature is below 0°C, raindrops freeze on contact and turn
into a smooth layer of ice spreading on the ground or any other object like trees
or power lines. More slippery than snow, freezing rain is tough and clings to
everything it touches. A little of it is dangerous, a lot can be catastrophic. In Canada,
blizzards are most common in the Prairies and the eastern Arctic. Heavy snowfalls
are most common in British Columbia, areas around the Great Lakes, southern and
eastern Quebec and the Atlantic provinces. Freezing rain can occur pretty much
anywhere in the country but is particularly common from Ontario to Newfoundland.
average, the storms and cold of winter kill more than 100 people every year. That
is more than the total number of people killed by hurricanes, tornadoes, floods,
lightning and extreme heat.
you live in a community located in one of the areas where blizzards or heavy snows
are frequent, you may want to consider stocking up
on heating fuel and ready-to-eat food, as well as battery-powered flashlights
and radios -- and extra batteries.
freezing rain, heavy snow, blowing snow or a blizzard is forecast, leave your
radio on to stay informed of the situation and hear updated forecasts.
a blizzard or heavy blowing snow is forecast and if you are on a farm with livestock,
bring the animals into the barn. Make sure they have plenty of water and food.
You may also want to string a lifeline between your house and any outbuildings
to which you may have to go during the storm.
a winter storm hits, stay indoors. If you must go to the outbuildings, dress for
the weather. Outer clothing should be tightly woven and water-repellent. The jacket
should have a hood. Wear mittens -- they are warmer than gloves -- and a hat,
as most body heat is lost through the head.
wide open areas, visibility can be virtually zero during heavy blowing snow or
a blizzard. You may easily lose your way. If a blizzard strikes, do not try to
walk to another building unless there is a rope to guide you or something you
from freezing rain accumulates on branches, power lines and buildings. If you
must go outside when a significant accumulation of ice has already occurred, pay
attention to branches or wires that could break, due to the weight of the ice,
and fall on you. Ice sheets could also do the same. Above all, do not touch power
lines: a hanging power line could be charged (live) and you would run the risk
of electrocution. Remember also that ice, branches or power lines can continue
to break and fall for several hours after the end of the precipitation, so be
if the power has been off for several hours, check the food in the refrigerator
and freezer in case it has spoiled.
a Winter Power Failure
whether the power failure is limited to your home. If your neighbors' power is
still on, check your own circuit-breaker panel or fuse box. If the problem is
not a breaker or a fuse, check the service wires leading to the house. If they
are obviously damaged or on the ground, stay well back and notify your electric
supply authority (keep the number along with other emergency numbers near your
If your neighbors' power is also out, notify your electric supply
proper candle holders. Never leave lit candles unattended.
use charcoal or gas barbecues, camping heating equipment or home generators indoors.
They give off carbon monoxide. Because you can't smell or see it, carbon monoxide
can cause health problems and even kill you before you know it's there.
an emergency survival kit -- containing provisions for at least three days --
stored in a handy place.
should also prepare a portable emergency survival kit in the event that you have
to evacuate your home. Is a power failure
one light switch on, so you know when power is restored.
open your freezer or fridge unless it is absolutely necessary. A full freezer
will keep food frozen for 24 to 36 hours if the door remains closed.
your battery-powered, or car radio for local information..
off all tools, appliances and electronic equipment -- and turn the thermostat(s)
for the home heating system down to minimum -- for the following reasons:
- Tools and
appliances left on will start up automatically upon restoration of service; turning
them off will prevent injury, damage or fire.
a power surge follows startup, it could damage sensitive electronic equipment
such as computers, microwaves and VCRs. (Protecting these appliances with a surge-proof
powerbar is a smart and inexpensive precaution.)
can be restored more easily when there is not a heavy load on the electrical system.
Most Canadian home-heating systems are dependent upon electric power. Power supply
interruptions can last from a few hours to several days and are often caused by
freezing rain, sleet storms and/or high winds which damage power lines and equipment.
An extended power failure during winter months, and subsequent loss of heating,
can result in cold, damp homes, severe living conditions and damage to walls,
floors and plumbing. Following these simple suggestions can reduce the harmful
effects of power and heating failure in subzero weather.
that even in very cold weather, a house with closed doors and windows will not
become too cold for comfort for several hours.
if you have a backup heating unit, turn it on before the house gets too cold.
If the unit must be vented to the same chimney flue as the furnace, switch the
furnace off before disconnecting the furnace flue.
can install a non-electric standby stove or heater. Choose heating units that
are not dependent on an electric motor, electric fan or some other electrical
device to function. It is also important to adequately vent the stove or heater
with the type of chimney flue specified for it. Never connect two heating units
to the same chimney flue at the same time. If it is necessary to vent the standby
heater to the existing chimney flue used by the furnace, first disconnect the
furnace from it. Use only fuel-burning heaters certified by the Canadian Standards
Association (CSA) or Canadian Gas Association.
the standby heating unit will use the normal house oil or gas supply, have it
connected with shutoff valves by a competent technician.
you have a wood-burning fireplace, clean the flue every fall in preparation for
its use for home heating (i.e. sustained use at high temperatures). The creosote
in a flue can be ignited by sustained high temperatures and develop into a chimney
you have a fireplace, keep a good supply of fuel on hand.
considering the use of an emergency generator during a power failure, check with
furnace, appliance and lighting fixture dealers or manufacturers regarding power
requirements and proper operating procedures.
generators are handy for backup electricity in case of an outage, but there are
hazards to keep in mind. Serious accidents can result when a home generator is
connected to an existing electrical circuit. If the electricity produced by the
home generator follows the electrical lines back to the transformer, and the current
is transformed to a higher voltage, the lives of any utility employees working
on the lines nearby are endangered. Anyone touching equipment powered by the generator
is also in danger. Also, when the main electric power comes back on, a generator
connected to the existing electrical circuit will result in an explosion and fire.
Direct installation of a generator to an existing electrical system should only
be done by a qualified technician and approved by your electric supply authority.
the manufacturer's instructions.
ensure that the generator operates outdoors in well-ventilated conditions, well
away from doors or windows, to prevent exhaust gases from entering the house.
lights and appliances directly to the generator. If extension cords must be used,
ensure they are properly rated, CSA-approved cords.
Home - if you have to evacuate during winter power failure. A house can be
damaged by low temperatures, but the major threat is to the plumbing system. If
a standby heating system is used, check to see that no part of the plumbing system
can freeze. If the house must be evacuated, protect it by taking the following
off the main breaker or switch of the circuit-breaker panel or power-supply box.
off the water main where it enters the house. Protect the valve, inlet pipe and
meter or pump with blankets or insulation material.
the water from your plumbing system. Starting at the top of the house, open all
taps and flush toilets several times. Go to the basement and open the drain valve.
Drain your hot water tank by attaching a hose to the tank drain valve and running
it to the basement floor drain. (If you drain a gas-fired water tank, the pilot
light should be turned out -- and the local gas supplier should be called to re-light
washing-machine hoses and drain.
not worry about small amounts of water trapped in horizontal pipes. Add a small
amount of glycol or antifreeze to water left in the toilet bowl, the sink and
your house is protected from groundwater by a sump pump, clear valuables from
the basement floor in case of flooding.
to a battery-operated or car radio for more detailed local advice and instructions.
the power returns:
the main electric switch was turned off, check to ensure appliances, electric
heaters, TVs, microwave ovens, computers, etc. are unplugged to prevent damage
from a power surge when the power is restored.
not enter a flooded basement unless you are sure the power is disconnected.
not use flooded appliances, electrical outlets, switch boxes or fuse-breaker panels
until they have been checked and cleaned by a qualified technician.
the furnace flue (if removed) and turn off the fuel to the standby heating unit.
on the main electric supply.
the electrical system a chance to stabilize before reconnecting tools and appliances.
Turn the heating system thermostats up first, followed in a couple of minutes
by reconnection of the fridge and freezer. Wait 10 to 15 minutes before reconnecting
all other tools and appliances.
the drain valve in the basement.
on the water supply. Close lowest valves/taps first and allow air to escape from
sure that the hot water heater is filled before turning on its power supply.
out dishwasher and washing machine if necessary.
house slightly above normal temperature for a few hours to allow it to dry thoroughly.
food supplies in refrigerators, freezers and cupboards for signs of spoilage.
If a freezer door has been kept closed, food should stay frozen 24 to 36 hours,
depending on the temperature. When food begins to defrost (usually after two days),
it should be cooked; otherwise it should be destroyed in accordance with instructions
from your local public health authorities.
a general precaution, keep a bag of ice cubes in the freezer. If you return home
after a period of absence and the ice has melted and refrozen, there is a good
chance that the food is spoiled.
your emergency survival kit so the supplies will be there when needed again.
power lines. Call
your electric supply authority with the exact location of the downed line. Keep
back a minimum of 10 meters (33 feet) from wires or anything in contact with them
and warn others of the danger. Always assume that the lines are live. It is difficult
to distinguish between power lines and other utility lines (for example, telephone
or cable lines) and they also carry sufficient power to cause harm. Therefore,
treat all lines as a danger.
If you are like many Canadians you may have cleaned up after a severe storm and
you know the damage they can cause. Some problems cannot be prevented. High winds
will topple trees and heavy rains will cause rivers to flood. But some damage
can be avoided, or at least reduced, if you take a few simple precautions such
as knowing the type of storms common to your area and what time of year they are
likely to strike. Thunderstorms,
tornadoes, hail, blizzards, high winds and heavy rain can develop quickly and
hit hard, posing a threat to life and property. Storms such as tornadoes often
strike too quickly to allow you to choose a shelter or to pack an emergency kit.
You may want to have your family plan in place that outlines where you will go
and how you will keep in touch with members of your family if a severe storm hits.
Municipal, provincial and territorial emergency management organizations can provide
valuable advice to help you prepare for emergencies.
- Listen for
the warnings: Environment Canada monitors the weather 24 hours a day, seven
days a week. If a severe storm is on the horizon, the weather service issues watches,
advisories and warnings through national, regional and local radio and television
stations, as well as Environment Canada's Weatheradio.
watch: Conditions are favorable for a severe storm, even though one has not
yet developed. This is usually issued early in the day. Keep monitoring weather
conditions and listen for updated statements.
warning: Severe weather is happening or hazardous weather is highly probable.
If a weather warning is issued for a tornado, it means that one or more tornadoes
have been observed or are forecast for the specified area. Other warnings include
those for a severe thunderstorm, blizzard, high winds, heavy snow, snow squall,
heavy rain and significant freezing rain. Be prepared.
your shelter area: A basement, storm cellar or a closet beneath the stairs
are good places to take shelter in the event of a severe storm. If none of these
is available, sit underneath a sturdy piece of furniture on the ground floor in
the center of the building, away from the outside walls and windows. Be sure you
discuss the shelter area with your family ahead of time.
a severe storm is forecast. Severe weather can occur any time of the year,
winter or summer. Make it a habit to listen to the local radio or television stations
for severe weather warnings and advice. Make sure you have a battery-powered radio
on hand; electricity frequently fails during a severe storm.
everything that might be blown around or torn loose -- indoors and outdoors. Flying
objects such as garbage cans and lawn furniture can injure people and damage property.
If hail is forecast, you may want to protect your vehicle by putting it in the
garage. (If the severe storm is upon you you should not be trying to do these
venture out in a boat. If you are on the water and you see bad weather approaching,
head for shore immediately. Always check the marine forecast before leaving for
a day of boating and listen to weather reports during your cruise.
you are outdoors when a storm hits, take shelter immediately. If you are advised
by officials to evacuate, do so. Take your emergency kit with you.
calm. You will be better able to cope with emergencies.
form suddenly -- often preceded by warm, humid weather -- and are always produced
by thunderstorms, although not every thunderstorm produces a tornado.
Tornadoes are violent
windstorms characterized by a twisting, funnel-shaped cloud which forms at the
base of cloud banks and points towards the ground. Tornadoes usually move over
the ground at anywhere from 20 to 90 kilometers per hour and often travel from
the southwest to the northeast. They are erratic and can change course suddenly.
It is not a good idea to chase tornadoes.
May to September are prime tornado months. Tornadoes usually hit in the afternoon
and early evening but they have been known to strike at night too. Canada has
several high-risk areas, including Alberta, southern Ontario, southern Quebec
and a band of land which stretches from southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba through
to Thunder Bay, Ontario. There are also tornado zones in the interior of British
Columbia and in western New Brunswick.
are warning signs, including:
thunderstorms, with frequent thunder and lightning
extremely dark sky, sometimes highlighted by green or yellow clouds
rumbling sound, such as a freight train might make, or a whistling sound, such
as a jet aircraft might make a
funnel cloud at the rear base of a thundercloud, often behind a curtain of heavy
rain or hail.
to do in case of a tornado
you live in one of Canada's high-risk areas, you should listen to your radio during
severe thunderstorms. As a rule, when Environment Canada issues a tornado warning,
radio stations broadcast it immediately. If you hear that a tornado warning has
been issued for your area, take cover immediately.
you are at home, go to the basement or take shelter in a small interior ground
floor room such as a bathroom, closet or hallway. Failing that, protect yourself
by taking shelter under a heavy table or desk. In all cases, stay away from windows,
outside walls and doors.
you are in an office or apartment building, take shelter in an inner hallway or
room, ideally in the basement or on the ground floor. Do not use the elevator
and stay away from windows. Avoid buildings such as gymnasiums, churches and auditoriums
with wide-span roofs. These roofs do not have supports in the middle and may collapse
if a tornado hits them. If you are in one of these buildings, take cover under
a sturdy structure.
not get caught in a car or mobile home. More than 50 per cent of all deaths from
tornadoes happen in mobile homes. Take shelter elsewhere -- such as a building
with a strong foundation. If no shelter is available, lie down in a ditch away
from the automobile or mobile home. However, beware of flooding from downpours
and be prepared to move.
- If you are driving and spot a tornado in the distance, try to get to a nearby
shelter. If the tornado is close, get out of your car and take cover in a low-lying
area. If a tornado seems to be standing still, then it is either travelling away
from you or heading right for you.
- On a farm If your personal safety is not at risk, you may have time to open routes of escape for your livestock. Open the gate, if necessary, and then exit the area in a direction perpendicular to the expected path of the tornado.
- In a recreational vehicle or mobile home Find shelter elsewhere, preferably in a building with a strong foundation. If no shelter is available, crouch down in a ditch away from the mobile home or recreational vehicle. Beware of flooding from downpours and be prepared to move.
- In a high rise building Take shelter in an inner hallway or room, ideally in the basement or on the ground floor. Do not use the elevator. Stay away from windows.
- In a gymnasium, church or auditorium Large buildings with wide-span roofs may collapse if a tornado hits. If you are in one of these buildings and cannot leave, take cover under a sturdy structure such as a table or desk.
- In a vehicle If you spot a tornado in the distance go to the nearest solid shelter. If the tornado is close, get out of your car and take cover in a low-lying area, such as a ditch. Do not take shelter under an overpass or a bridge. Winds can accelerate under an overpass or a bridge and cause injury or death from flying debris.
all cases, get as close to the ground as possible, protect your head and watch
out for flying debris. Small objects such as sticks and straws can become lethal
weapons when driven by a tornado's winds.
develop in an unstable atmosphere when warm, moist air near the earth's surface
rises quickly and cools. The moisture condenses to form rain droplets and dark
thunderclouds called cumulonimbus clouds. These storms are often accompanied by
hail, lightning, high winds, heavy rain and tornadoes. Thunderstorms are usually
over in an hour, although a series of thunderstorms can last for several hours.
air is charged with electricity during a thunderstorm. The most striking sign
of this is lightning. Bolts of lightning hit the ground at about 40,000 kilometers
per second -- so fast that the lightning appears to be a single main bolt with
a few forks, when actually the opposite is true. The main bolt is a whole series
of lightning strikes, all taking the same path but at such a pace that the eye
cannot distinguish between them.
estimate how far away the lightning is, count the seconds between the flash of
lightning and the thunderclap. Each second is about 300 meters. If you count fewer
than 30 seconds, look around for shelter; if fewer than five seconds, take shelter
urgently. Lightning is near and you do not want to be the tallest object in the
area. It is recommended to wait 30 minutes after the last lightning strike in
a severe storm before venturing outside again.
a severe lighting storm
If you are in a building:
there, but away from windows, doors, fireplaces, radiators, stoves, sinks, bathtubs,
appliances, metal pipes, telephones and other materials which conduct electricity
TVs, radios, toasters and other electrical appliances.
not go out to rescue the laundry on the clothesline, as it conducts electricity.
use the phone or other electrical equipment.(You can use a cellular telephone.)
you are outside:
shelter in a building, cave or in a depressed area such as a ditch or a culvert,
but never under a tree.
you're caught in the open, crouch down with your feet close together and your
head down (the "leapfrog" position).
lie flat -- by minimizing your contact with the ground, you reduce the risk of
being electrocuted by a ground charge.
away from telephone and power lines, fences, trees and hilltops.
off bicycles, motorcycles, tractors, and golf carts -- and don't use metal shovels
and golf clubs -- as they conduct electricity.
you are in a car, stay there but pull away from trees where heavy branches might
fall on you.
forms when updrafts in thunderclouds carry raindrops upwards into extremely cold
areas of the atmosphere. The raindrops freeze and are bounced around in the powerful
winds within thunderclouds while new layers of ice are added. Eventually, the
hailstones grow too heavy to be supported by the updrafts and fall to the ground.
Some hailstones are the size of peas while others can be as big as grapefruits.
cover when hail begins to fall. Do not go out to cover plants, cars or garden
furniture or to rescue animals. Hail comes down at great speed, especially when
accompanied by high winds. Although no one in Canada has ever been killed by hail,
people have been seriously injured by it.
heavy rainfall can result in flooding. This is particularly true when the ground
is still frozen or already saturated from previous storms. Floods may also result
if a heavy rain coincides with the spring thaw. If
you know there is flooding or the possibility of flooding in your area, keep your
radio on to find out what areas are flooded, what areas are likely to be flooded,
as well as what roads are safe, where to go and what to do if the local emergency
team asks you to leave your home.Generally
speaking, it is a good idea to avoid driving through flooded roads and underpasses.
The water may be a great deal deeper than it looks and you could get stuck. You
may also want to avoid crossing bridges if the water is high and flowing quickly.
Turn off basement
furnaces and the outside gas valve.
off the electricity. If the area around the fuse box or circuit breaker is wet,
stand on a dry board and shut off the power with a dry wooden stick.
try to cross a flooded area on foot. The fast water could sweep you away.
you are in a car. Try not to drive through flood waters. Fast water could sweep
your car away. However, if you are caught in fast-rising waters and your car stalls,
leave it, and save yourself and your passengers.
TO DO AFTER A STORM:
to your radio for information and follow instructions.
first aid to people who are injured or trapped. Get help, if necessary.
you are asked to help or are qualified to give assistance, please stay away from
not go near loose or dangling power lines. Report them and any broken sewer and
water mains to the authorities.
and downed power lines can cause fires. Report fires to the fire department. Know
how to fight small fires.
supplies may be contaminated, so purify your water by boiling it for 10 minutes,
by adding water-purification tablets or by adding one drop of unscented chlorine
bleach to one liter of water (or three drops for cloudy water). If you use chlorine
bleach to purify the water, stir the bleach in and wait 30 minutes before drinking.
The water should have a slight chlorine smell.
leave the telephone lines free for official use. Do not use the telephone except
in real emergencies.
cautiously and only if necessary. Debris, broken power lines and washed-out or
icy roads and bridges will make driving dangerous after a severe storm. Please
give way to emergency vehicles at all times.
if the power has been off for several hours, check the food in the refrigerator
and freezer in case it has spoiled.
MAY NOT BE IN SASKATCHEWAN DURING A DISASTER:
- If you are in
a building: Stay inside. Stay away from windows. Get under a heavy desk or table
and hang on. If you can't get under something strong, flatten yourself against
an interior wall, protect your head and neck.
If you are outside: Go to an open area. Move away from buildings or any structure
that could collapse. Stay away from power lines and downed electrical wires.
you are in a car: Stop the car and stay in it. Avoid bridges, overpasses or underpasses,
buildings or anything that could collapse on you and your car.
are violent tropical storms which blow up from the Caribbean and occasionally
hit eastern Canada, usually between June and November, with September being the
peak month. The east and west coasts, however, do get fall and winter storms which
have hurricane-force winds. Hurricanes cause more widespread damage than tornadoes
because they are bigger. Some are as large as 1,000 kilometers across.
a hurricane warning has been issued and you live on the coast or in a low-lying
area near the coast you are advised to move inland and to higher ground. The high
winds create huge waves at sea which, when they reach the shore, may become tidal
waves or storm surges.
not go down to the water to watch the storm. Most people who are killed during
hurricanes are caught in large waves, storm surges or flood waters.
a rule, hurricanes move slowly and batter communities for several hours. If the
eye of the hurricane passes over, there will be a lull in the wind lasting from
two or three minutes to half an hour.
in a safe place.
emergency repairs only and remember that once the eye has passed over, the winds
will return from the opposite direction -- with possibly even greater force.
homes: Owners and residents of mobile homes must take special care to protect
themselves and their property in the event of storms.
your trailer near a natural windbreak such as a hill or clump of trees. As severe
storms usually come in from the southwest, west or northwest, the narrow end of
the trailer should face in a westerly direction to make a smaller target.
sure your trailer is securely anchored. Consult the manufacturer for information
on secure tie-down systems.
when a severe storm approaches, you should still seek shelter in a more secure
building. Trailers are the exception to the stay-indoors rule.