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EMERGENCY KITS

  • Home and Evacuation Emergency Survival Kit
  • Food and Water
  • Clothing
  • Special Needs
    • Babies/Toddlers
    • Personal Supplies
    • Other Family Members
    • Pets
  • Important Papers
  • Car Kit
  • Basic First Aid Kit

Home and Evacuation Emergency Survival Kit

  • backpack/duffel bag (or something else in which to carry the emergency survival kit in, in case you have to evacuate)
  • flashlight and batteries (in case the lights go out) - 1 per person, or lantern and fuel
  • battery-powered radio or television and extra batteries; (so you can listen to news bulletins)
  • spare batteries (for radio and flashlight)
  • extra car and house keys
  • keep at least 1/2 tank of gas in your car at all times
  • fuel stove and fuel (follow manufacturer's instructions)
  • first aid kit and manual
  • candles and matches/lighter
  • food and bottled water (See "food list")
  • clothing and footwear (one change of clothes per person)
  • blankets or sleeping bags (one blanket or sleeping bag per person)
  • toilet paper and other personal supplies (See List)
  • medication (listed below)
  • whistle (in case you need to attract someone's attention)
  • playing cards, games, books, coloring book, crosswords, etc.
  • other equipment:
    • hammer, nails, crowbar, pliers, wrench, screwdriver set, assortment of fasteners, work gloves
    • matches, waterproofed
    • mosquito repellent
    • plastic sheeting
    • pocket knife
    • rope
    • shovel
    • duct tape
    • more equipment suggestions under "food and water"

Emergency Food and Water Kit

  • See - Separate Document for Food and Water Storage
  • Have at least a three-day supply of food and water on hand
  • Choose ready-to-eat foods that your family likes. Choose food that doesn't need refrigeration.
  • Water four liters per person per day -- two for drinking and two for food preparation, hygiene and dishwashing.
  • Food canned food: soups, stews, baked beans, pasta, meat, poultry, fish, vegetables, fruits;
    crackers and biscuits, honey, peanut butter, syrup, jam, salt and pepper, sugar, instant coffee, tea, baby formula, baby food, canned milk.
  • Replace canned food and dry goods once a year.
  • Equipment
    • knives, forks, spoons
    • pocket knife
    • disposable cups and plates
    • manual can opener, bottle opener
    • waterproof matches
    • small cooking pot
    • plastic garbage bags
    • fuel stove and fuel (follow manufacturer's instructions).
  • If you have a barbeque - make sure your propane tanks are full and properly stored. Don't use a barbecue indoors.

Clothing:

In addition to food and drinking water, clothing is another essential item which should be included in your emergency pack. Remember, it may be hours before you reach your destination and warm accommodation. You may have to sleep in your car or spend some time in the open. Be ready for all eventualities by planning now what clothing you would take with you and how to gather it quickly.The secret to protection from extreme cold lies in wearing multiple layers of clothing which prevent the loss of body heat. Most of the body's heat is lost through the head and neck. Remember during summer months to provide protection against sun and heat.

  • One change of clothing and footwear per person
  • Extra woolen socks
  • Extra sweaters
  • A woolen toque or hat and scarf provide good head and neck protection
  • Inner wool mittens with nylon over-mitts
  • Thermal underwear
  • Rain gear: rubber-coated nylon or rubberized canvas garments provide good protection from rain or wet snow.
  • Outerwear: under moderate conditions, a light nylon outershell; in cold weather, a waterproof parka with a hood.
  • Footwear: Warm, strong, waterproof boots that will withstand water, snow and slush. Wear heavy wool socks.
  • Sleeping bag or two warm blankets per person

Special Needs:

Think of any special needs that someone in your family might have. Here are some suggestions.

  • Babies / toddlers
    • diapers
    • bottled milk
    • toys
    • crayons and paper
    • extra clothing, blankets
  • Personal Supplies
    • soap, shampoo, toothpaste, toothbrush
    • face cloth, towel
    • comb, brush
    • lip balm
    • sanitation
      • toilet paper
      • sanitary napkins, tampons
      • wet ones
      • facial tissue
      • liquid detergent
  • Other family members
    • prescription medication: heart, blood pressure, insulin
    • denture needs, contact lens, hearing aids, mobility aids
    • extra eye glasses
      (Keep at least one week supply of medication in your emergency kit and include copies of prescriptions for your medicine and glasses.)
  • Pets
    • 3 day dry dog/cat food
    • leash or rope
    • pet pen
    • tags - identification, inoculations
    • plastic and paper layer

Important Papers

  • Money
    • Cash (including coins/cards for telephone), traveler's cheques
    • Bank Account Numbers/ Bank Cards
    • Credit Card Numbers
  • Family records and documents. Copies of essential documents should also be kept in a safe location outside your home. Keeping these in a safe deposit box or the home of a friend or family member who lives out of town is a good idea.
    • driver's license
    • wills, power of attorney
    • insurance policies
    • contracts
    • deeds
    • stocks and bonds
    • passport/picture I.D.s for everyone
    • health cards
    • social insurance numbers
    • immunization records
    • family records: marriage, birth, death certificates
  • Important telephone numbers, and out of town/province contacts, e-mail addresses

Car Emergency Kit

  • Shovel
  • Sand, salt or kitty litter
  • Traction mats
  • Tow chain
  • Compass
  • Cloth or roll of paper towels
  • Warning light or road flares
  • Extra clothing and footwear
  • Emergency food pack: non perishable energy food: raisins, trail mix, granola bars, water
  • Axe or hatchet
  • Booster cables
  • Ice scraper and brush
  • Road maps
  • Matches and a 'survival' candle in a deep can (to warm hands, heat a drink or use as an emergency light)
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Methyl hydrate (for fuel line and windshield de-icing)
  • Flashlight, extra batteries
  • First-aid kit with seatbelt cutter
  • First-aid manual
  • Blanket (special 'survival' blankets are best)
  • Battery powered radio, extra batteries
  • Tire repair kit and pump
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car, to include:Personal Information
  • List of family physicians
  • Contact Numbers
  • Style and serial number of medical devices such as pacemakers
  • List of personal prescription medicines

First Aid For Emergency or Car

  • First Aid manual
  • Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • Assorted safety pins
  • Cold pack
  • Eyewash solution
  • Cotton swabs
  • Cleansing agent/soap
  • Latex gloves (2 pairs)
  • Face shield
  • Sunscreen
  • 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • Triangular bandages (3)
  • 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • Arm Sling
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Needle
  • Moistened towelettes
  • Adhesive tape,
  • Antiseptic, antibiotic ointment, antiseptic towelettes
  • Hydrogen peroxide,
  • Lip balm
  • Thermometer
  • Tongue depressors (2)
  • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
  • Nonprescription drugs: aspirin or other pain reliever, anti-diarrhea medication, antacid, and laxative
  • Personal prescription meds
  • It is recommended that at least one person per family should take a standard first aid course.

Emergency Survival in the Woods:

  • matches in a waterproof container
  • plastic food bags
  • orange or yellow plastic garbage bag
  • high-energy snack
  • whistle (pea-less whistles are best)
  • pocket knife
  • compass (make sure you know how to use it)
  • lightweight space blanket
  • reflector or hand mirror (for signaling)
  • insect repellent
  • tube of antibiotic ointment
  • plastic bandage strips